Tagalog Compound Words
Tagalog compound words have meanings that are different from the original meanings of the individual words combined. For example, balat (skin) and sibuyas (onion) when joined together (balat-sibuyas) means "sensitive" or literally, "onion skinned". Spot some Tagalog compound words in your translated text. Below are some of these words used in English-to-Tagalog translation for a more idiomatic transfer.
Abot-kaya- (reach;capable) [adj., adv.] affordable, within the budget
Abot-langit - (reach/up to; sky) [adj.] too much, superlative degree, very deeply felt [abot-langit ang hinanakit]
Abot-tanaw- (reach;view) [adj.] near
Akyat-bahay - (climb;house) [n.] burglary, burglar [with "gang" - Akyat-bahay gang] an organized group of robbers.
Bahay-bata - (home;child) [n.] the womb; where a fetus develops
Bantay-salakay - (guard;attack) [n., adv., adj.] opportunist; to steal or seize something by force and in a surprising manner, after the victim has long been manipulated to believe that the perpetrator can do nothing wrong.
Basag-ulo - (break;head) [n.] A fight
Basang-sisiw - (wet; chick) [adj., n.] pathetic; vulnerable; poor and powerless; wanting for mercy
Hawak-kamay - (hold/held;hand) [adj., adv.] helping each other, as support or hedge to withstand difficult situations
Hampas-lupa - (slap/whip;earth) [n., adj, derogatory] very poor
Matang-lawin - (eyes; eagle) [adj., n.] critical, observant, circumspect
Pasang-krus - (carry;cross) [n., adj., adv] cause of undeserved heaviness, unwanted burden
Sampay-bakod - (to hang on a line;fence) [n., adv., adj.] unwanted regular guest, vagabond imposing oneself on others
Sangangdaan - (branch road) [n.] crossroad
Salong-guhit / Salungguhit - (catch;line) [n.] underline
Teyngang-kawali - (ears; frying pan) [adj., adv.] playing deaf, indifferent
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