“Literature is in some respects an irreplaceable source of information on certain aspects of the human mind, human society, human relations, and related matters.
“As such, world literature in this sense is, or should be, of central importance not only for criticism and interpretation, but also for cognitive and affective science, anthropology, and other fields.”
QUESTIONS ON UNIVERSAL IMPORTANCE OF LITERATURE
What literary text that you have read engaged you in a personal way even if everything happening in that literary piece isn’t at all local or is alien to you?
What was your take away value from a particular literature that has stayed with you until now, and you think you would always go back to?
What literary text that you have studied gave you a better sense of the greater world outside your personal experience and orientation?
“that set of literary works that have importance across traditions.
“For example, the Rāmāyana has passed across languages and cultures, assuming significance in different literary traditions – not only the various language traditions of India (comparable to the various national traditions of Europe), but non-Indian traditions (e.g., Indonesian) as well.
“As such, it is a part of world literature in this second sense. The same point could be made about Tales of the 1001 Nights or Hamlet.
“literature that is the product of intertraditional influence.
“a body of literature that represents the convergence of different traditions.
However, it does not represent spontaneous convergence.
Rather, it is results from what one might call contact convergence.
QUESTIONS ON AESTHETIC STYLE AND NARRATIVE
What narrative tradition does this text belong?
What/where is the possible origin of this narrative tradition?
Can you think of similar examples of literary works that you have read in this tradition?
Does this tradition reflect a particular worldview?
Does this worldview travel across cultures or does it apply only to a particular culture?
CONCEPTS IN CRITICAL THOUGHT ABOUT LITERATURE
divergence guided by Hegemonic cultural practices
identity-based repudiation of global standardization
simplification and distortion of putatively indigenous traditions